ARIGATO: Thank you.
DOMO ARIGATO GOZAIMASHITA: Thank you very much for what you have done (polite form, spoken by students at the end of a class).
GOMEN NASAI: I'm sorry, excuse me.
ONEGAI SHIMASU: I make a request (spoken when one wishes to practice with a fellow student or teacher).
AI: harmony; unity.
AIKIDO: AI= harmony KI= life force DO= The way or path.
AIKIDOKA: Practitionner of Aikido.
ATEMI: Diverting, defensive strike or blow.
BO: Long wooden staff.
BOKKEN: Wooden sword used in practice.
BUDO: Martial arts.
BUSHIDO: The warrior's code/way.
CHUDAN: Middle position (chest/stomach).
DAN: Black belt rank (1st dan to 10th dan).
DO: The path or way.
DOJO: Place where we practice martial arts.
DOJO-CHO: Person in charge of the dojo.
GEDAN: Low position (legs).
HAKAMA Wide-skirted pants worn over gi by Aikido black belts.
HANMI: Triangular (T-)stance.
HANTAI: Reverse, opposite.
HARA: Stomach, lower abdomen.
JODAN: High position (head).
JIYUU: Free style.
KANGEIKO: Intensive winter training camp.
KATA: Fixed form; prescribed set of movements executed alone.
KATANA: Medium length japanese sword, blade.
KI: Life force; vital energy.
KIAI: Sharp shout created from the hara often used in martial arts.
KOHAI: Junior student.
KYU: Undergraduate rank preceeding the black belt(usually 6th kyu to 1st kyu).
MA-AI: Distance of engagement.
MIGI: Right direction.
RANDORI: Free-style practice with multiple attackers.
REI: (command) to bow.
SEIZA: Formal sitting position.
SEMPAI: Senior student.
SHIHAN: Master teacher.
SHINKOKYU: Deep breathing.
SHODAN: First degree black belt.
SUBURI: Single movement using sword or staff (bokken/bo/jo) normally done alone.
TAI-SABAKI: Body movements.
TANTO: Wooden knife.
TORI: The one receiving the attack (defender).
UCHI-DESHI: Live-in student who trains full time at the dojo.
UKE: The person providing the attack.
ZANSHIN: Continuity; remaining aware and prepared for the next attack; unbroken concentration.